Problems of the design of machine elements
Machinery design today requires us to demonstrate skills like multidisciplinary knowledge, excellent communication capabilities, and inquisitiveness. If you find yourself contemplating modern machines and commenting to colleagues about how things seemed simpler back in the old days, you are not alone. For many years faster, better and cheaper was the credo for machine design engineers. Energy efficiency and smaller footprint recently made this list. The solution for all those constraints is often the adoption of new technologies like high-end control systems, sophisticated algorithms and a multitude of electronic components, turning a machine into a mechatronic system.tiohearvoisubo.gq/buying-military-transformation-technological-innovation.php
machine elements in mechanical design pearson solutions
Consequently design complexity has increased with the size of design teams, and the different design groups are forced to work closer together. In a mechatronic system every decision made has a ripple effect throughout the design project. If the mechanical team decides to change the type of steel being used, and therefore the weight of a mechanical component, it influences motor sizing. Switching from a stepper motor to a servomotor significantly increases the complexity of the control algorithm and the requirements concerning the system performance of the embedded system processing the algorithm.
Virtual prototyping helps you reduce risk and tackle design challenges for mechatronic systems by locating system-level problems, finding inter-dependencies and evaluating performance trade-offs.
Design of Machine Elements
Challenge 1: Selecting mechanical components Your design will typically start with creating a 3D CAD model and selecting the correct mechanical components. One of the most common tasks within industrial machines involves moving an object from one position to another using an electric motor. A common way to change the rotary motion of a standard electric motor to useful linear motion is by connecting the motor to a stage and using a lead screw mechanism to move the payload. Some of the key items to consider when selecting a stage include the resolution, the travel distance, the payload and the transmission gear ratio.
While some of those parameters are mainly defined by the mechanical design, specifying the transmission gear ratio Nr requires collaboration with the control team. From a mechanical standpoint, Nr specifies the linear travel distance of the stage per rotary revolution of the motor.
Looking at the control side of the design, Nr has a significant influence on the payload inertia reflected to the motor, which has a huge impact on the control algorithms. As a rule of thumb, the gear ratio, Nr, should be selected such that the ratio between the reflected inertia and the motor shaft inertia is less than for velocity control, for moderate positioning, and for quick positioning.
Otherwise stability and tuning problems may occur. In addition the transmission ratio also determines the motor speed requirements in relation to the load speed. Design and validate your motion profiles using interference detection features. Linear stages move in a straight line and are often stacked on each other to achieve travel in multiple directions.
A three-axis system with a X, Y and Z component is a common setup used to position an object anywhere in a 3D space. Linear stages are used to position an object in space, rotary stages are used to orient objects in space and adjust the roll pitch and yaw of an object.
Many applications, such as very high-precision alignment, require both position and orientation. Specifying stacked systems which combine linear and rotary components is even more complex because inertias, forces and torques that arise during operation are difficult to calculate. The simulation capabilities of state-of-the-art 3D CAD tools can help in gathering the required information. Combined with the real-world trajectories from motion control software you can simulate real-world behavior and get the information without performing PhD-level math calculations.
Challenge 2: Motion profile design and validation Often machine builders have switched from single-purpose machines to creating flexible multipurpose machines, where mechanical and pneumatic components are substituted with motor based solutions. One example for such a replacement is mechanical shafts, which perform camming. In modern machines they are often replaced by a combination of multiple drives and motors, requiring the control software to provide the camming function.
While this results in machines that are easier to maintain, have a smaller footprint and have significant efficiency advantages, designing the motion profiles for these systems gets more complex with every additional motor and moving component.
Visualize compliance issues like motor ringing due to resonance. Developing the motion profiles requires specialized software tools. Instead they want to design their system based on functions that perform standard move types like straight line, arc, or contoured moves. In addition they require advanced features to synchronize multiple motors through gearing and camming functions.
Now, the integration of the LabVIEW NI SoftMotion and SolidWorks allows control engineers to design and validate their motion profiles as soon as a 3D CAD model is available, allowing engineers and scientists to create a virtual prototype of their cartesian motion system. By applying the motion profile developed with the high-level function blocks to a simulation-ready 3D CAD model, they can evaluate and validate the operation of moving parts and determine whether the motion profile performs as expected.
Although modest oversizing compensates for rising friction over the life of the machine, going too far decreases performance because of higher inertia, lower motor operating efficiency and higher energy costs.
This is even more important when the motor is part of the payload, as in many multi-axis motion control systems. Define motor specifications based on the results of your motion simulation. Several web-based motor-sizing tools have been designed to help sort through the thousands of choices, and some include motor data from multiple vendors. However, these tools are only as good as the inputs you provide. You can augment the tools by using features built into your CAD package to make more accurate estimates of your speed, inertia, and torque requirements. It explains the general theory of mechanical engineering design and sets out problems for.
Problems on the design of machine elements Item Preview remove-circle Publication date Books to Borrow. The book tackles example problems in a detailed, step-by-step style. Students can access problems and Get Price. Mechanical engineering design involves all the disciplines of mechanical engineering. Besides, lecture notes will be posted on the course web site possibly after the lecture hour as pdf files.
5. Machine Design Challenge: Communication
Unlike static PDF Design of Machine Elements solution manuals or printed answer keys, our experts show you how to solve each problem step-by-step. No need to wait for office hours or assignments to be graded to find out where you took a wrong turn. You can check your reasoning as you tackle a problem using our interactive solutions viewer. Machine Design by RS Khurmi free pdf is here. Download MD by RS khurmi ebook.
Steps in Machine Design:
Machine Design by RS Khurmi contains 32 chapters and total pages. Design of Machine Elements is important subject in mechanical Engineering so the problems with solution for the subject is here download it. The course in Design of Machine Elements help students understand the fundamentals of designing the most commonly used parts, elements and …. In this book, students can find several solved and unsolved questions for practice.
In mechanical engineering, machine design has an important place as it contains technical information, new and creative ideas for the improvement of machines. The machine elements that would be covered are gears, bearings, shafts, etc. We will develop methods of applying principles learned in previous courses on mechanics and strength of materials Aug P N Rao 46 Text Book Wentzell, T. Chat With Sales. It's easier to figure out tough problems faster using Chegg Study. Unlike static PDF Design Of Machine Elements 8th Edition solution manuals or printed answer keys, our experts show you how to solve each problem step-by-step.
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Unlike static PDF Machine Design solution manuals or printed answer keys, our experts show you how to solve each problem step-by-step. Bhandari PDF free. The book uses the SI system of units and it is specifically written for students in the Indian subcontinent.